The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) with about 700 employees is the central geoscientific authority providing advice to the German Federal Government in all geo-relevant questions. It is subordinate to the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi). The BGR geomicrobiology unit belongs to the department for raw materials and has specific expertise in the field of metal extraction using microorganisms (bioleaching/ biomining). Since 1973 several projects in this field have been carried out and the results have regularly been published in international recognized journals (> 100 papers). Additional geomicrobiological R&D projects are currently carried out concerning carbon capture and storage (CCS), microbial degradation of hydrocarbons, and the deep biosphere.